1st Jan 2013 – Major protest in Hong Kong

This protest was first talked about by a bunch of netizens who detest China Government’s illegal (according to Basic Law and Sino-British Joint Declaration) influence in Hong Kong. These people started talking about a protest on the new year’s day back in around November 2012.

Unfortunately, various political parties heard about this protest and started taking credit for this by claiming that they initiated it. Those who are truly independent and initiated it were not happy about it but if these politicians and organisations genuinely want to make Hong Kong a better place and share the same view (Mr. CY Leung, the Chief Executive of HKSAR to step down, universal suffrage, and a referendum on people’s constitutions), there is nothing to worry about.

The truth is, demonstration has long been dominated by a handful of political organisations. Every march in Hong Kong follows the same routine: gather at Victoria Park (the largest public park on Hong Kong Island, which is close to the heart of the government HQ) , then walk along the main roads which will be blockaded by the police ahead of time, within a certain period of time people in the rally have to arrive at a designated protest zone -> the “organiser” announces that the demonstration is a success (yet what’s been achieved is always the question) and urges protesters to go home…

This is exactly why nothing ever results from the numerous protests in Hong Kong in the past 15 years – Hong Kong is a colony of the People’s Republic of China, which is communist, perhaps more preciously, dictatorship. No dictator would ever listen to its people unless riots and violent demonstration kicks off.

“If you make peaceful revolution impossible you make violent revolution inevitable” – J.F. Kennedy

Somehow, people in Hong Kong are always very proud of themselves for being “peaceful, rational, and non-violent” during demonstration. They condemn the slightest anomaly (e.g. shouting at the police so that they will allow people to continue to rally) in a rally.

The “protest” in the 1st January 2013 march were once again hijacked by a political organisation. It seems like no body dares to walk on the street without a couple of “leaders”. Unfortunately, given their standard formula of demonstration, it was a complete failure, once again. Nothing’s achieved, nothings changed.

This year, a very very different form of protest happened. Around a dozen or twenty people who were wearing Guy Fawkes masks marched down to the cross road in the middle of Central, the centre of the Hong Kong Island and the financial and business centre of the city-state.

They sit down in the middle of the cross-road on a public holiday during non peak hour, blockading two main roads to make a clear statement to Hong Kong people, SAR government and international media that they are no longer content with what’s happening to their home.

This is the reason I detailed the “standard way” of Hong Kong style demonstration earlier. This group of Vs (V for Vendetta) is not from any sort of organisation, and they have one thing in common – passionate about Hong Kong, their home. Here’s an impromptu statement given by one of them who holds a handheld amplifier gave on the spot. In short, he was raising the questions about why Hong Kong people are tolerating the SAR government’s incompetence.

Very soon, people who were walking on the street started shouting at the masked protesters:

“You have the right to protest, but you should protest outside the government headquarters!”
“It’s wrong to cause inconvenience to people who aren’t in the protest! If you want CY Leung to step down, go to the Government House and tell him!””You people have nothing better to do! A bunch of losers!”
“You are blockading the road making your point, and I can’t go home!”

I was watching all these and feeling heart broken – why are these people so blind? There is no violence involved in this demonstration, and yet people do not appreciate what some of them put their liberty and safety behind to fight for them? (One of them got arrested at the end)

There were some, however, who read about the masked protesters online (Facebook, online media, etc), and went down to support.

The masked protesters were soon surrounded by police – no more than 20 masked protesters and over 200 hundred police officers. The protesters were about to retreat and head for another spot, and one of them who was further away from the rest was tackled by at least one police officer like in a rugby game, and fall over.

Soon, other organised groups went to the same location. They had no choice because the police were blockading all the routes to the Government House, and all these routes were agreed by the police when the organisers applied for the demonstration. The police blockaded all the roads, which major traffic go by 24 hours, and soon one of the representatives of the police force went on TV and condemned the protesters for disrupting the peace. Kwok-Hung Leung (nickname: Long Hair), one of the Legislative Council members participated in numerous demonstrations, was surrounded by over 300 hundred police in the middle of the road on his own, and was later on charged for illegal assembly.

In different parts of Central, some of the protesters were trapped between police cordons, and one senior officer (recorded on tape) shouted at the protesters that “do not let them leave” and ordered his subordinates to surround the protesters.

VJMedia, an independent online media (relatively new), published a very detail and probably the most unbiased article illustrating the details of what exactly happened during the march. I’m not translating it here, but if i receive any request (even one!) I’ll translate it for the English readers.

Please leave your comments.

2012 Report to Congress U.S.-CHINA ECONOMIC AND SECURITY REVIEW COMMISSION

I bumped into a Cantonese blog yesterday, and think this is a minor positive progress.

Approximately 30 pages in the US-China Economic and Security Review Commission Report are reporting on Hong Kong, a few key points are highlighted below:

1. Pro-Beijing parties enjoyed a financial advantage over their rivals, which enabled them to build extensive logistical networks to mobilize voters and exploit Hong Kong’s electoral peculiarities. (p.267)

2. Babies born in the territory enjoy the privileges of Hong Kong citizenship: access to the city’s superior health and education systems, and greater freedom to travel and settle inside and outside China.(p.267)

3. So-called ‘‘birth-tourism’’ quickly became a hot-button issue, with some going so far as to depict mainland Chinese as ‘‘locusts.’(p.268)

4. Censorship controversies at the South China Morning Post, one of Hong Kong’s most prominent newspapers, increased following the appointment of Wang Xingwei as editor-in-chief in January 2012. Mr. Wang, a former China Daily reporter, concurrently serves as a member of Jilin Province’s Political Consultative Conference, 424 a Chinese Communist Party-selected and -controlled organization. In June, he was accused of censoring coverage of the death of Li Wangyang, a well-known Chinese dissident. (p.270)

5. The city’s public schools were going to be required to begin teach- ing a course in ‘‘moral and national education’’ by 2015, which some called a thinly veiled ‘‘brainwashing’’ effort evocative of the Cultural Revolution.(p.272)

6. Beijing’s increasing influence in Hong Kong’s affairs calls into question the security of advanced technology products exported from the United States to Hong Kong.(p.273)

7. Congress reauthorize Section 301 of the U.S.-Hong Kong Policy Act of 1992, which requires the U.S. secretary of State to submit an annual report to Congress on political, economic, and social developments in Hong Kong of relevance to the United States. This should include reporting on mainland interference in Hong Kong’s internal political affairs and Chinese efforts to leverage the territory as a platform for the internationalization of the RMB.(p.274)

8. Congress review the U.S.-Hong Kong Policy Act of 1992 to deter- mine its continued applicability. In particular, Congress should review the security of advanced technology products exported from the United States to Hong Kong.(p.274)

9. Members of Congress, when visiting mainland China, also visit Hong Kong and that Congress encourage senior administration officials, including the secretary of State, to make visits to Hong Kong part of their travel.(p.274)

Glad to know that the US is monitoring Hong Kong closely, and I hope the US will actually react and stop the PRC from further interfering Hong Kong’s autonomy, and gradually Hong Kong can go independent!

Hong Kong’s unique history (and a bit of China)

To talk about Hong Kong history, we need to trace it quite a while back. Below is my attempt to make it as short and simple as possible…

China has always been a “multi-ethnicity country”. Han has traditionally be the ruler of China (of course the other “countries” in China are ruled by various ethnic leaders) – this is a very complicated subject, and this English website and this Chinese page show the map of China in all dynasty in history.

Now let’s look Ming and Qing.

Wu San-kuei (or Wu Sangui), a military general of the Ming empire was the direct cause of the fall of the Ming dynasty. Based on history, his obsession over his concubine, Chen YuanYuan, was the fundamental reason that he betrayed the Ming emperor.

Long story short, Wu opened the gate for the Qing army, resulting the end of Ming. Great Qing (大清), the last imperial dynasty of China, was established in 1644 by Manchu people.

Qing enjoyed a long period of prosperity, and the reigns of the Yongzheng Emperor (r. 1723–1735) and his son, the Qianlong Emperor (r. 1735–1796), marked the height of the Qing Dynasty’s power. During this period, the Qing Empire ruled over 13 million square kilometres of territory. However, towards the end of the Qing dynasty, the corruption and general addiction to opium caused enormous problem to China. The long-term weakness led Qing dynasty to an end.

During the Opium Wars, the Qing government signed multiple treaties with the western world – China calls these treaties “unequal treaties” till this very day (a personal note: I agree that there’s nothing for the western world to be proud of, but I cannot agree that these treaties are unfair. Let me quote a Chinese saying 勝者為王,敗者為寇 – basically it means: the winner is the champion and the loser only has oneself to blame.)

The Treaty of Nanking, signed on 29 August 1842, The Qing government agreed to make Hong Kong Island a crown colony, ceding it to the British Queen “in perpetuity”. In 1860, the colony was extended with the Kowloon peninsula. In 1898, the Second Convention of Peking further expanded the colony with the 99 year lease of the New Territories.

A couple interesting facts:

  • When the western army went to China, people in Hong Kong provided food, water and many other supplies to the westerners
  • Many Han Chinese, according to other materials, supported the western troops

More to follow, this is only to explain the colony status of Hong Kong, and I’ll write more about what happened in more recent history…

Thanks for reading. Please leave comments.

 

Populism in Hong Kong

Populism has been viewed as a political ideology, political philosophy, or as a type of discourse. Generally, populists tend to claim that they side with “the people” against “the elites”. While for much of the twentieth century, populism was considered to be a political phenomenon mostly affecting Latin America, since the 1980s populist movements and parties have enjoyed degrees of success in First World democracies such as the USA, Canada, Italy, the Netherlands and Scandinavian countries.
(Source: Wikipedia)

Populism has become a popular topic in recent days in Hong Kong. Some, particularly the pro-China people, are asking (or accusing?) why Hong Kong people have become populists.

This is not hard to imagine, if you follow the news in Hong Kong.

When the discussion of the transfer of sovereignty to the PRC began in 1980s, Hong Kong people were terrified of the Community PRC. Hence, the massive amount of Hong Kongers emigrating to foreign countries to live a life as a second grade citizen. (More to discuss about the transfer of sovereignty – there are reasons why I didn’t use the term “handover”)

After 15 years under the PRC’s rein (yes, supposed to be 1-country-2-system, but it’s fabricated), the changes in Hong Kong are so substantial that people become more and more edgy (Hong Kong people have always come across as “tamed” and politically ignorant). Here are a few major examples:

  • Article 23 (2003): despite the fact that Hong Kongers have expressed their view repeatedly. The Hong Kong SAR government insisted that the majority of people in Hong Kong wants this to be a legislation. Regina Ip, then Secretary for Security, as well as the HKSAR government, were determined to push the bill forward. Over 500,000 people went on the street to protest against the bill. Under enormous pressure, the government back-down.
  • Copyright Amendment Bill (2011): parody is something that many enjoy. This does not only help nurturing creativity, in fact has proven to help the popularity of the original creation (recent example: PSY Gangnam Style)
  • Anti-Moral-and-National-Education-Curriculum (2012): the introduction of the Moral and National Education Curriculum in 2012 is another major issue that caused

(I didn’t know where to start, just only picked a few examples)

Recently, former senior PRC government officers made various statements condemning Hong Kong people for seeking independence, including this one:

  • Lu Ping, former director of the State Council’s Hong Kong and Macau Affairs Office, stated in an exchange of email with the South China Morning Post “Our country, which has a population of 1.3 billion, would not be bothered losing this handful of people.”

Lu said in recent months that Hong Kong would have been a “dead city” if it wasn’t for China and he threatened to stop supply of Dongjiang water (one of my previous post explained this is complete nonsense).

A so called motherland, threatened its own people to stopped water supply (disregarding the fact that this isn’t really the case, Hong Kong pays money for the extremely low quality water, making it a transaction not a merciful act), even said that it doesn’t matter to them to have 7million less people (implying lives aren’t important)…  No wonder this country allows torture, illegitimate killings, house arrest for no ground, and even orders to kill so to harvest human organs!

Hong Kong People Demand Referendum

Facebook has been the most important tool for many people movements and activists.

In a couple of months ago, over 120,000 Hong Kong people went on the street to protest against the Moral and National Education Curriculum. Hong Kong’s activities are using Facebook to call for actions and gather people who share the same or similar ideas.

Long See, is one of the famous ones on Facebook because of the pictures and graphics he/she produces on a regular (if not daily) basis. Today, Long See posted a new one:

Image

1-Country-2-System is Destroyed
Joint Declaration is Lapsed
High degree of autonomy is Gone
We Demand Independence Referendum in HK

Looks like there are more and more people becoming painful away of the fact that the PRC government’s master plan on colonising Hong Kong. There are numerous evidences that point to this conclusion.

Again, something that I want to write more about – things just emerge so quickly and so frequently that I find it hard to keep up with. Please bear with me, I’ll do my best…

Stay tune to more articles about why many think that Hong Kong is dying (not those who live outside of HK), why it should be saved and who (in my point of view) should be responsible for foreseeable death of HK hence must help to Free Hong Kong!