Hong Kong Universal Suffrage

As stated in Hong Kong Basic Law, Hong Kong’s mini-constitution, by 2007 Hong Kong people have the rights to elect their own leader, i.e. the Chief Executive. In 2004, the National People’s Congress of Communist China interpreted Basic Law to deny such rights, and in 2007 the NPC once again denied the universal suffrage of Chief Executive of Hong Kong. This constitute a breach of contract (i.e. Sino-British Joint Declaration). Nothing has changed so far. The “political reform” proposed by the Hong Kong SAR government clearly shown that PRC has not intention to demolish functional constituency (members of this constituency are not elected by all the people of Hong Kong, but a small group of so-called elites). The Democratic Party engaged in a closed door negotiation with the Liaison Office of the Central People’s Government and voted for this proposal which essentially represents a decline of democracy in Hong Kong.

With the background above, the people of Hong Kong are increasingly displeased with China’s continuous interference of Hong Kongers’ rights and the hindrance of Hong Kongers’ demand for a democratic society.

In January 2013, Benny Yiu Ting Tai, an associate professor at The University of Hong Kong, announced his “Occupy Central” proposal. The proposal (as it develops over time) includes 7 steps: 10,000 participants signing declaration (taking a vow and pledge that they’re willing to take it to the street), live TV broadcast of discussion, electronic voting on formula (of universal suffrage), referendum on formula, Super-Seat Legislative Council member resign and trigger another referendum, legal and affect-no-social-order movement, occupy Central in July 2014.

The notion Occupy Central received a lot of attention, and supports of the public when it was first announced (without any of the above steps). However, as Professor Tai’s theory develops, debates arise – will this actually work?

Hong Kong has been fighting for universal suffrage of its own Chief Executive for a long time. The bottom line for any democratic election is that candidates running for the leader of a society election will not be sift from a number of candidates by any sort of committee and finally be elected by the people – 1 person 1 vote. All Legislative Council members are elected by the people, again 1 person 1 vote.

The pro-Peking (PRC) individuals jumped out to defend China’s position recently as the debate heats up. There are reports and rumours saying that there will be a “pre-election” before the universal suffrage in 2017, meaning a selection of candidates will be elected by a committee controlled by the PRC. The PRC government officials also said that “the CE must love China and love Hong Kong”, putting China in front of Hong Kong, the place the CE will govern, and setting “love China” as a criteria is simply not acceptable nor necessary. The same official also said that “PRC will not accept a CE that is not patriotic” – this means that Hong Kong people ruling Hong Kong is only a myth. Not to mention the fact that PRC as a nation is hijacked by the China Communist Party, if one is not loyal to the Party means that he/she is not patriotic.

Regina Ip (former Security Secretary in Hong Kong who pushed for Article 23) even said “pre-election” exists in any democratic society. This is complete rubbish – the so-called “pre-election” in democratic societies are elections each political party hold to choose the representative from the party to run for office.

Yang Kuang’s “Disapperance” HK Journalists Being Attacked in China

Mr. Yang Kuang (Why Yang), a Hong Kong activist, disappeared for 41 hours in China when he tried to visit his friend Liu Xia, wife of Liu Xiao Bo (Nobel Peace Prize winner).

He was then “sent home” by PRC China on 10th March 2013. No assistance was given to Mr. Yang during his “disappearance” and Mr. CY Leung, the Chief Executive, responded to the press’ enquiry that the government has not received any request for assistance.

Hong Kong journalists who went follow the story were beaten up by 4-5 men outside the residential area, which is public space, of Mrs. Liu’s flat.

A video filmed by Now TV (a local paid TV channel) shows part of the incident – the journalists being attacked are from Now TV, RTHK, TVB, Commercial Radio,

A TVB reporter talked about the incident here. According to the reporter, these 4-5 men rushed over to the journalists and started to beat them up right away. The police arrived after the journalists called for help, but they did not arrest any of the attackers and told the journalists that they should not ask any questions about the attackers. The TVB reporter also said that her reporter identity card was taken away.

Mr. Ma Fung-Kwok, HK Deputy to the National People’s Congress, commented on the incident that “When in Rome do as the Romans do” and said that the key is whether the Hong Kong journalists were covering the story legally.

Mr. CY Leung, the Chief Executive, said reporters should be protected and respected as they cover stories legally.

Public outcry in Hong Kong for thorough investigation, and condemn PRC/China for their barbarian actions. The HK Journalists Association also expressed their fury against the attack.

These “ordinary men” are suspected to be plainclothes police – one of them was recognised by the media as a PRC policeman.

1st Jan 2013 – Major protest in Hong Kong

This protest was first talked about by a bunch of netizens who detest China Government’s illegal (according to Basic Law and Sino-British Joint Declaration) influence in Hong Kong. These people started talking about a protest on the new year’s day back in around November 2012.

Unfortunately, various political parties heard about this protest and started taking credit for this by claiming that they initiated it. Those who are truly independent and initiated it were not happy about it but if these politicians and organisations genuinely want to make Hong Kong a better place and share the same view (Mr. CY Leung, the Chief Executive of HKSAR to step down, universal suffrage, and a referendum on people’s constitutions), there is nothing to worry about.

The truth is, demonstration has long been dominated by a handful of political organisations. Every march in Hong Kong follows the same routine: gather at Victoria Park (the largest public park on Hong Kong Island, which is close to the heart of the government HQ) , then walk along the main roads which will be blockaded by the police ahead of time, within a certain period of time people in the rally have to arrive at a designated protest zone -> the “organiser” announces that the demonstration is a success (yet what’s been achieved is always the question) and urges protesters to go home…

This is exactly why nothing ever results from the numerous protests in Hong Kong in the past 15 years – Hong Kong is a colony of the People’s Republic of China, which is communist, perhaps more preciously, dictatorship. No dictator would ever listen to its people unless riots and violent demonstration kicks off.

“If you make peaceful revolution impossible you make violent revolution inevitable” – J.F. Kennedy

Somehow, people in Hong Kong are always very proud of themselves for being “peaceful, rational, and non-violent” during demonstration. They condemn the slightest anomaly (e.g. shouting at the police so that they will allow people to continue to rally) in a rally.

The “protest” in the 1st January 2013 march were once again hijacked by a political organisation. It seems like no body dares to walk on the street without a couple of “leaders”. Unfortunately, given their standard formula of demonstration, it was a complete failure, once again. Nothing’s achieved, nothings changed.

This year, a very very different form of protest happened. Around a dozen or twenty people who were wearing Guy Fawkes masks marched down to the cross road in the middle of Central, the centre of the Hong Kong Island and the financial and business centre of the city-state.

They sit down in the middle of the cross-road on a public holiday during non peak hour, blockading two main roads to make a clear statement to Hong Kong people, SAR government and international media that they are no longer content with what’s happening to their home.

This is the reason I detailed the “standard way” of Hong Kong style demonstration earlier. This group of Vs (V for Vendetta) is not from any sort of organisation, and they have one thing in common – passionate about Hong Kong, their home. Here’s an impromptu statement given by one of them who holds a handheld amplifier gave on the spot. In short, he was raising the questions about why Hong Kong people are tolerating the SAR government’s incompetence.

Very soon, people who were walking on the street started shouting at the masked protesters:

“You have the right to protest, but you should protest outside the government headquarters!”
“It’s wrong to cause inconvenience to people who aren’t in the protest! If you want CY Leung to step down, go to the Government House and tell him!””You people have nothing better to do! A bunch of losers!”
“You are blockading the road making your point, and I can’t go home!”

I was watching all these and feeling heart broken – why are these people so blind? There is no violence involved in this demonstration, and yet people do not appreciate what some of them put their liberty and safety behind to fight for them? (One of them got arrested at the end)

There were some, however, who read about the masked protesters online (Facebook, online media, etc), and went down to support.

The masked protesters were soon surrounded by police – no more than 20 masked protesters and over 200 hundred police officers. The protesters were about to retreat and head for another spot, and one of them who was further away from the rest was tackled by at least one police officer like in a rugby game, and fall over.

Soon, other organised groups went to the same location. They had no choice because the police were blockading all the routes to the Government House, and all these routes were agreed by the police when the organisers applied for the demonstration. The police blockaded all the roads, which major traffic go by 24 hours, and soon one of the representatives of the police force went on TV and condemned the protesters for disrupting the peace. Kwok-Hung Leung (nickname: Long Hair), one of the Legislative Council members participated in numerous demonstrations, was surrounded by over 300 hundred police in the middle of the road on his own, and was later on charged for illegal assembly.

In different parts of Central, some of the protesters were trapped between police cordons, and one senior officer (recorded on tape) shouted at the protesters that “do not let them leave” and ordered his subordinates to surround the protesters.

VJMedia, an independent online media (relatively new), published a very detail and probably the most unbiased article illustrating the details of what exactly happened during the march. I’m not translating it here, but if i receive any request (even one!) I’ll translate it for the English readers.

Please leave your comments.

It’s not about this Chief Executive, it’s about the system – independence is the way to go

A number of independent groups of people began the discussion of the 1st January 2013 anti-CY-Leung-demonstration a couple of months ago, more and more people and groups join this discussion and it’s believed that a significant number of Hong Kong citizens will be going onto the street to demand the current Chief Executive of Hong Kong to step down. Some so-called politicians and parties joint and are currently trying to claim this protest. This is exactly why we should not rely on the politicians. They didn’t start this, they’ve been sitting back to watch how the people’s anger over the existing Hong Kong government unfolds. The politicians and some of the pan-democrats are either openly or secretly pro-Peking and neglects the well-beings and welfare of the people in Hong Kong. They didn’t want the current government to be overthrown, because without the angry and discontent of the general public, they will have no more bargaining chip to continue having a obscenely high-paid job. The preset objective of each rally organised by political parties in recent history is to “get people on the street and have a bit of shouting and then peacefully dismiss”.

Anyone would know, peaceful demonstration will not grant the people anything they ask for. The government knows and they understand the fundamental weakness of Hong Kongers – they all need to have a job to keep themselves and their families alive. A bowl of rice/ a loaf of bread is more important than freedom.

To me, the theme of the upcoming demonstration is useless. Even if CY Leung steps down, what’s going to happen? The Peking (Beijing) government will “elect” (hand pick) another person, with the title of “Chief Executive” to execute orders from them. Basically, the people calling this protest is barking up the wrong damn tree.

The key here is to completely abolish the existing system – One Country Two Systems where One Country sits above Two Systems, meaning the system Hong Kong had been working so hard to build and defend cannot be freely executed unless the China government agrees and allows. This is something recently has been spoken out in the public by a number of China government officials.

Separation of executive, legislative and judicial powers has long been the core value of Hong Kong, and allow each of these power to function effectively whilst none of them could enjoy the absolute power Not to mention there are ICAC and the Ombudsman to monitor all the government departments).

China government has been repeatedly violating the One Country Two System model (by interpreting Hong Kong Court’s judgement, directing the executive power in Hong Kong). There is no need to further reason why the so-called “System” is not fully implemented – it’s just a glorify term where no body respects, particularly China.

Time and time again, people said “we need to have universal suffrage”. It’s not going to happen as long as China is still has sovereignty over Hong Kong. How could a dictatorship allow some of its people to have freedom and democracy? It threatens the dictator and could potentially overthrown the dictatorship completely.

There are two solutions:

– China collapses and a new groups of countries to be formulated (Tibet, Mongolia, etc) – let’s face it, China is too big a country to be ruled by only a small group of people

– Hong Kong to go independent (does not mean trades and financial transactions with China cannot be carried out, no Chinese would say no to money)

I hope that on 1st January 2013, Hong Kong people will all be awakened and brave enough to call for independence. All revolution comes with a price, but no price is bigger than the loss of freedom, dignity and honour.

We must not give up. People laugh and say Hong Kong is too small, they say people rely on China on all aspects. If you read history and statistics, you’d know Hong Kong had been supporting China for many many years. All the food, water, and daily supplies were PAID for – all fair and square transactions (some are unfair, actually, for example, water – Hong Kong paid substantially more than others in China for water from the same source).

How did China’s companies get access to international capital? Through Hong Kong. How many of the listed China companies made a huge profit by going IPO (to capture a handsome amount of cash) and delist a few years later at a massively reduced price?

Who’s supporting? Who relying on the other?