Hong Kong Universal Suffrage

As stated in Hong Kong Basic Law, Hong Kong’s mini-constitution, by 2007 Hong Kong people have the rights to elect their own leader, i.e. the Chief Executive. In 2004, the National People’s Congress of Communist China interpreted Basic Law to deny such rights, and in 2007 the NPC once again denied the universal suffrage of Chief Executive of Hong Kong. This constitute a breach of contract (i.e. Sino-British Joint Declaration). Nothing has changed so far. The “political reform” proposed by the Hong Kong SAR government clearly shown that PRC has not intention to demolish functional constituency (members of this constituency are not elected by all the people of Hong Kong, but a small group of so-called elites). The Democratic Party engaged in a closed door negotiation with the Liaison Office of the Central People’s Government and voted for this proposal which essentially represents a decline of democracy in Hong Kong.

With the background above, the people of Hong Kong are increasingly displeased with China’s continuous interference of Hong Kongers’ rights and the hindrance of Hong Kongers’ demand for a democratic society.

In January 2013, Benny Yiu Ting Tai, an associate professor at The University of Hong Kong, announced his “Occupy Central” proposal. The proposal (as it develops over time) includes 7 steps: 10,000 participants signing declaration (taking a vow and pledge that they’re willing to take it to the street), live TV broadcast of discussion, electronic voting on formula (of universal suffrage), referendum on formula, Super-Seat Legislative Council member resign and trigger another referendum, legal and affect-no-social-order movement, occupy Central in July 2014.

The notion Occupy Central received a lot of attention, and supports of the public when it was first announced (without any of the above steps). However, as Professor Tai’s theory develops, debates arise – will this actually work?

Hong Kong has been fighting for universal suffrage of its own Chief Executive for a long time. The bottom line for any democratic election is that candidates running for the leader of a society election will not be sift from a number of candidates by any sort of committee and finally be elected by the people – 1 person 1 vote. All Legislative Council members are elected by the people, again 1 person 1 vote.

The pro-Peking (PRC) individuals jumped out to defend China’s position recently as the debate heats up. There are reports and rumours saying that there will be a “pre-election” before the universal suffrage in 2017, meaning a selection of candidates will be elected by a committee controlled by the PRC. The PRC government officials also said that “the CE must love China and love Hong Kong”, putting China in front of Hong Kong, the place the CE will govern, and setting “love China” as a criteria is simply not acceptable nor necessary. The same official also said that “PRC will not accept a CE that is not patriotic” – this means that Hong Kong people ruling Hong Kong is only a myth. Not to mention the fact that PRC as a nation is hijacked by the China Communist Party, if one is not loyal to the Party means that he/she is not patriotic.

Regina Ip (former Security Secretary in Hong Kong who pushed for Article 23) even said “pre-election” exists in any democratic society. This is complete rubbish – the so-called “pre-election” in democratic societies are elections each political party hold to choose the representative from the party to run for office.

4 thoughts on “Hong Kong Universal Suffrage

  1. Pingback: Is Occupy Central a Scam? | Free Hong Kong

  2. Hi

    I am just curious to know…do the people of occupy central support Hong Kong independence???

    I guess as I see, occupy central seems to be the last hope of Hong Kong oppressed people..if its happen, it will reveal to all, in what degree are China controling Hong Kong, I also guess, that HK people will see Chinese as invader after occupy central, especialy if PLA entered Hk and start killing people

    best wish to HK people

    • Hi Lotus, Thanks for your best wishes and your comment of course.
      Those who organise Occupy Central are not pro HK independence at all. In fact, they stressed the importance of “asking China to give” HK universal suffrage, and submit themselves to the China dictatorship. As long as one still hold Basic Law as the constitution of Hong Kong, one can not truly want to be independent.
      The organisers of Occupy Central even proposed to tie the participants’ hands together during the movement so that there is no way the police can accuse them for assaulting others(!!!).
      They have gained support from the pro-China individuals or even “former” communist member(s), which to me (and probably many people who are more political) this is fishy.
      I do not agree Occupy Central is the last hope to the Hong Kongers. This is in fact a group of people who have no idea how to negotiate with China. They have told China about their bottom line and complicate a single movement that demands freedoms and basic rights for citizens in Hong Kong. They made it so complicated, and demand whoever wants to participate has to sign a declaration claiming that he will turn himself in to the police because occupying the street is a breach of law. This is in a way to discourage people from joining the movement, if not threaten people with serious consequences.
      Occupy Central is not the last hope at all. A lot of those who are politically aware refuse to follow the “organiser” in this matter. I have even heard that there are others who want to make sure that this Occupy Central movement will not be a failure. Details, I’m not sure.
      A lot of the things this OC people suggested are pure crap. The way they behave seems like they have determined to make sure that Occupy Central is a failure – just like all of those social movements/protests that have been happening over the past decades. This is why people nowadays call them “plastics”, with only ideals and believe that being controlled and cooperative China’s going to give them what they want. Bunch of idiots!

      • Thanks very much for the details

        Oh, its really very disppointing to hear that occupy central is not going to give any good result, I thought China so scared about this movement, especially when I read news that China has done unusual activity, when the PLA Hong Kong brunch has done a lots of drills activity in Hong Kong to do underground way to central district!!!!

        I also read once from organizer said to the participants should not care about his or her life, because there is a high possibility of injuries and killing!!!, but its contradict there condition of arresting themselve to police!!! which means that 10000 already should arrest themselves!!!

        yeah they make it too much complicated, but the issue, there is no other movement that really threat China, this is at least currently seems the biggest one, which I also hear that people said this demonstration is something never seen before in Hong Kong

        Do you think the PLA going out from there barracks to stop occupy central, or Just Police or security forces enough??

        I think China can’t tolerate to occupy central long time, due to the importance to Hong Kong economy, which is so important to China too, I think if Hong Kong economy paralized, China economy will be too, due to China dependence to Hong Kong strong economy, they recently build new trade zone in Shanghai, I think in order to make less economics damage, when Hong Kong trade zone will be occupied by protesters.

        the organizer clearly doesn’t see how china deal with so cooperative one, like Dalai Lama, when his policy failed miserbly, but the issue, is this is the biggest movement currently exist in Hong Kong, people are testing china by this.

        I am not from Hong Kong, but I have friend who work there.

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